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As coronavirus spreading over the world , why does Germany keep the death rate at a minimum?

  • 2020-04-08

With the novel coronavirus spreading over the world, the European region continues to rapidly outbreak, become the "epicenter" area of global epidemic. According to the World Health Organization statistics, as of 9 AM on April 3, 2020, will be coronavirus has killed at least 50000 people around the world.

Germany and Italy are the two extremes of mortality in Europe

The number of COVID 19 infections in most of Europe is soaring every day. There are two countries - Italy and Germany, particularly "compelling". According to the global epidemic data, as of 9 AM on April 2, Italy has confirmed a total of 115,242 cases, with 13,915 deaths, with a mortality rate of about 12.1%. A total of 84,794 cases have been confirmed in Germany, with 1107 deaths, representing a mortality rate of about 1.31%. Why there is such a large difference in the epidemic mortality of COVID-19 has attracted global attention.

Judging from the current data, there is indeed a large gap in mortality rates between the two countries. Why did Germany keep the death rate at a minimum?

1. The age of the infected people varies

The first factor in the low death rate in Germany is that the majority of people infected with novel coronavirus are between the ages of 20 and 50, accounting for 70 percent of all confirmed cases. These people's disease is relatively mild, the infection rate and mortality are greatly reduced because of early detection and early isolation, take timely and effective measures. According to data released by the Italian health ministry, 74% of those who tested positive for an Italian novel coronavirus were over 50 years old. Elderly people account for a significant proportion of confirmed cases in the official statistics and published, and the mortality rate among the elderly is higher due to the fact that they suffer from severe age-related diseases. At the same time, the German government has also been quick to formulate anti-epidemic measures, closing all non-essential places, banning people from traveling and so on.

2. High level and large-scale virus detection in the early stage of the outbreak

Germany currently has the strongest detection capacity in Europe. When suspected cases were identified, an active approach was used to conduct population testing. It is not difficult to see that the total number of confirmed cases may give a more accurate picture of the spread of the virus in the country than in other countries. Other countries are only testing for the virus in people who are already symptomatic, at high risk and in critically ill patients, which means they miss out on a large number of people with mild and asymptomatic symptoms. Extensive testing allowed Germany to detect the outbreak early and help develop policies. In addition, Germany had a time advantage when the first few cases were detected two or three weeks earlier than some of its neighbours.

3. Century-old first-class medical resources

As one of the world's leading countries in terms of medical conditions, Germany has a complete set of medical resources, especially medical equipment for respiratory treatment. In Germany, the century-old nebulizer inhalation therapy has become the main treatment method for the treatment of respiratory diseases. It is almost every household's regular medical supplies, which is very popular and brings good news to respiratory patients. For the spread of COVID-19, there is currently no anti-novel coronavirus drug in the world. In contrast, German doctors used 0.9% saline and an interferon substance called β2-Mimetika for patients with mild cases, which were regularly treated by nebulization inhalation to ensure the smooth airway of patients and relieve their symptoms. In other words, the most effective way to fight the virus is to slow its spread and extend the cycle over a longer period of time. The Chinese journal of respiratory and critical care also published literature “Recommendations for nebulization inhalation treatment of patients infected with novel coronavirus”, pointed out that in the treatment of pneumonia infected with novel coronavirus, because there is no specific drugs to treat the situation, some patients have combined or complicated respiratory diseases, alpha interferon, etc can be used for lung nebulization treatment.

Compared with other drug delivery methods, nebulization inhalation therapy is one of the effective auxiliary treatment methods for the treatment of respiratory diseases. Nebulization therapy can achieve a higher local drug concentration and reduce systemic adverse effects.

Preventing and controlling the epidemic is an uphill battle. Need rigorous medical science and technology, social management, support from all sides and other aspects of joint efforts, but also need to unite as one, the spirit of strict defense.

Feellife will stand by people all over the world, continues to expand new forms of nebulization therapy. In the future, Feellife will pay more attention to nebulization therapy and nebulization mechanism, build a more comprehensive set of nebulization medical technology, protect people's respiratory health, and strive for the cause of human respiratory health.

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